The following article will describe the histology, gross anatomy and important clinical anatomical implications of this salivary gland. The salivary glands are exocrine glands, releasing their contents onto an epithelial surface via a duct. Two types of secretory cells exist in salivary glands, serous and mucus cells.
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is regarded as a diagnosis of exclusion, affecting females more than males and with an incidence between 1 and 3% reported in the literature (1). When we talk about Thoracic outlet syndrome, what exactly do we mean by the thoracic outlet? Anatomists regard this as the region of the diaphragm, where the thorax and abdominal cavity communicate (2). Clinicians typically regard this as
I thought I'd use this post to discuss the cervical spine, the cervical spine has some interesting points to consider when appreciating its clinical anatomy. Next time you look at an image or model of the vertebral column, look closely at it's lateral profile, the first thing you notice is that its not straight, rather its s-shaped.
In this post, I will be discussing the neuroanatomical differentiation between an upper motor neuron (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) facial palsy. The two pathologies in the title could also be differentiated in other ways, for example, the speed of onset, additional symptoms and signs, etc.; however understanding the neuroanatomy in the context of the clinical picture, is the best way of avoiding making a grave error.
I often get asked if I have any tips on how to study anatomy, so I thought a post would be the right place to express my views on this. There are lots of books on this subject, but I'm guessing you have more time to read a blog post than an entire book. With that said, I enjoy studying and teaching anatomy and have developed my own strategies based on the following principles: